What Is Law?
Law is a set of rules that governs how people live and interact. It encompasses a wide range of areas, such as criminal, civil, and corporate law.
Laws can be created and enforced by a government or by individuals. They can keep a society’s peace, protect minorities, preserve individual rights, promote social justice, and provide for orderly social change.
Some systems of law serve these purposes better than others. Generally, however, all legal systems share certain universal principles such as the rule of law and separation of powers.
A nation’s laws can be based on religion, custom, or secular legal traditions. Religious law is a type of law based on religious precepts, including the Mosaic Law in the Bible and Islamic Sharia. It often consists of a written code of laws and jurisprudence interpreting the Bible and Quran.
The word law is derived from the Latin verb legitiam, meaning “to make right.” It can also mean “the way things are” or “the course of action that is followed”.
Various forms of law exist in all societies. Some are primarily concerned with private matters, such as property law or contracts, while others focus on public issues, such as constitutional law or criminal law.
Property law defines rights and duties of individuals toward tangible property, such as land or buildings, and personal possessions, such as clothes or books. Intangible property, such as bank accounts and shares of stock, is also governed by law.
Contracts law regulates agreements for the exchange of goods and services or anything else of value. This includes everything from buying a bus ticket to trading options on a derivatives market.
Criminal law focuses on the laws that apply when people break the law. It covers a wide range of offenses, from simple theft to murder.
Prosecuting a case is the process of bringing a defendant to court for a trial. It can take several months to prepare a case for trial, and it may include a hearing called a preliminary hearing, a pretrial conference, and a jury trial.
A judge makes a decision about the case after the evidence is presented and the case is heard by the jury. The judge must be able to decide the case on the facts presented and whether there is enough evidence to support the conviction of a defendant.
Some judges use precedent, or prior decisions by other courts, to make their decisions. This can include cases from the Supreme Court or from lower courts, and it is typically used when the issue in a particular case is the same or similar to a previous decision by a higher court.
When writing a law review article, decide on a relevant research question that interests you. Then, immerse yourself in different sub-topics of that area, and choose a topic to discuss in your article.
Then, write a comprehensive, well-researched article on that topic, and submit it for peer review by your professor. The feedback that you receive during your peer review process will help to ensure that you write an outstanding law review!