Understanding the Basics of Law
Law is the set of rules and procedures which are enforced by governmental institutions and social organisations. These laws provide individuals with procedural rights, contract rights and property rights. The legal system is an effective and efficient means of ensuring human rights.
There are two basic types of law. Statutory and Case law. Statutory law is the type of law that is enacted by the legislative branch, while case law is the type of law that is based on judicial decisions.
Statutory law is created by the executive or the legislative branch. It is also possible for the courts to make such laws through decrees and precedents. In common law jurisdictions, such laws are considered to be “law”. A common example of a statutory law is a tax law. Tax laws set the amount of income tax that a person must pay.
Legal issues may arise from a range of situations. These can be sudden events, planned events, problems at work, family disputes, and more. If you have a problem with a legal issue, you should contact a lawyer. However, you can also research the law on your own. Government websites are a good source of information on a variety of topics. For example, the government website can help you learn more about the criminal justice system.
Generally, legal systems are divided into three categories: common law, civil law, and statutory law. Common law systems explicitly acknowledge the decisions of the executive branch and the court. This is known as the doctrine of precedent. Thus, the judgments made by the court are regarded as “law”.
On the other hand, civil law systems require less judicial decision-making and are usually shorter. Typically, the court only decides one case at a time. Since these systems are not as detailed as statutory and case law, the judges writing in these systems are not able to elaborate as deeply.
While the word “law” refers to a set of rules, it is also a term describing the profession of lawyers. Those who are in the legal profession are responsible for making legally binding contracts and for settling legal disputes. Therefore, those who practice law have a vital role in society.
The International Law Commission is an organization that promotes progressive development of international law. It was established by the General Assembly in 1947 and comprises 34 members from the world’s major legal systems. Members serve as experts in their respective fields, and they consult with UN specialized agencies. They draft documents addressing aspects of international law.
The United Nations Charter calls on the Organization to encourage progressive development of international law. One of the goals of the International Law Commission is to develop a unified code of international law.
Articles on law explore the relationship between law and ideology, politics, and society. Some articles discuss the impact of the legal system on economics and history. Other topics include family and immigration laws.
The law is a system of rules that encapsulates the behavior of the community. As such, it is a political tool, and it shapes history, economics, and politics.