How Religion Affects Politics
Religion has a profound effect on many countries and political systems. In Muslim-majority countries, for instance, many aspects of sharia – the Islamic law – are adopted and implemented by the state. This system affects up to 23% of the world’s population – a total of 1.57 billion Muslims. It also impacts political decision-making in many western countries. For example, in the US, 51% of voters said they would not vote for a candidate who does not believe in God or a deity. Christians, who make up 92% of the US Congress, and 71% of the population, have a powerful influence on the political system.
Cosmographic religion is a study of the nature of space and time. It has existed throughout history. The idea that the universe is infinite is not new, nor is it new to humans. Nonetheless, there are many differences between different cosmographical religions. For example, one religion may focus on the nature of space and time, while another may focus on the nature of matter.
Totemistic religion is a system of belief that links human beings and animals through a special relationship. In this religion, people worship a totem, which is a natural object or animal that symbolizes a particular culture, group, or nation. Totems are considered to have special powers and are revered by the people who worship them.
Myths are stories that have religious symbolism. They do not seek to justify or make plausible the narratives they present, but instead present themselves as authoritative accounts that reflect the worldview of a culture. These stories often contradict the laws of nature or ordinary experience. Some myths have a political or ideological orientation, as with Marxist eschatological myths.
The term institutional religion is used to describe organized religion. This is a form of religion that has been around for centuries and has evolved in many ways. It is a system of beliefs based on human needs and values.
Diverse expressions of religion are positive qualities, according to the pluralist theory of religion. According to this theory, religious diversity is an asset to society and should promote tolerant, non-proselytizing, and anti-colonial and anti-imperialist attitudes. In contrast, the non-pluralist theory of religion says that diversity can be an embarrassment.